Skip to main content

Table 6 Frequencies of MN and BNu in farmers and controls according to age, gender, smoking status, BMI and duration of employment. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (s.d)

From: The association of nuclear abnormalities in exfoliated buccal epithelial cells with the health status of different agricultural activities farmers in Peninsular Malaysia

  Controls (n = 30) Farmers (n = 39)
Mean ± S.D Mean ± S.D
Groups Frequency of MN (%) Frequency of BNu (%) Frequency of MN (%) Frequency of BNu (%)
Age (years)
 26–35 1.01 ± 0.32 2.01 ± 0.73 6.65 ± 0.92* 1.50 ± 1.41
 36–45 1.47 ± 0.58 1.67 ± 0.94 6.22 ± 1.90* 1.51 ± 0.19
 46–55 1.57 ± 0.72 1.49 ± 0.86 8.01 ± 3.09* 1.33 ± 0.45
 56–65 1.10 ± 0.14 1.85 ± 0.64 6.61 ± 3.21* 1.63 ± 0.74
Gender
 Male 1.32 ± 0.55 1.85 ± 0.86 6.75 ± 3.01* 1.49 ± 0.61
 Female 1.56 ± 0.70 1.32 ± 0.70 7.23 ± 2.43* 1.80 ± 0.83
Smoking status
 Smokers 1.25 ± 0.41 1.99 ± 1.08 6.82 ± 2.65* 1.39 ± 0.62
 Non-smokers 1.45 ± 0.66 1.56 ± 0.71 6.83 ± 3.15* 1.65 ± 0.65
BMI
 Underweight - - 6.89 ± 3.04 1.49 ± 0.80
 Normal 1.54 ± 0.61 1.59 ± 1.19 7.83 ± 3.19* 1.43 ± 0.77
 Pre-obese 1.22 ± 0.47 1.72 ± 0.62 6.22 ± 2.58* 1.58 ± 0.57
 Obese grade 1 1.66 ± 0.31 1.30 ± 0.61 6.25 ± 4.74 1.85 ± 0.35
 Obese grade 2 1.57 ± 1.25 2.23 ± 0.91 - -
Duration of employment (years)
 1–10 1.39 ± 0.50 1.74 ± 0.99 7.04 ± 2.39* 1.34 ± 0.61
 11–20 1.21 ± 0.64 1.74 ± 0.72 6.14 ± 3.02* 1.54 ± 0.42
 21–30 1.67 ± 0.83 1.56 ± 0.93 5.80 ± 2.06* 1.76 ± 0.48
 31–40 1.25 ± 0.53 1.63 ± 0.52 7.32 ± 4.20* 1.29 ± 0.88
 41–50 - - 8.82 ± 3.71 1.71 ± 1.08
Total 1.39 ± 0.60 1.69 ± 0.84 6.83 ± 2.91* 1.54 ± 0.64
  1. *Farmers versus controls (p < 0.05)