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Table 2 Distributions of the ACE I/D and ACTN3 gene polymorphisms in elite female soccer players and non-athletes from China

From: The ACE and ACTN3 polymorphisms in female soccer athletes

Groups   ACE Genotype Frequency(%) Allele Frequency ACTN3 Genotype Frequency(%) Allele Frequency
  N II ID DD I D XX XR RR X R
Controls(F) 200 84(42 %) 96(48 %) 20(10 %) 132(66 %) 68(34 %) 32(16 %) 88(44 %) 80(40 %) 76(38 %) 124(62 %)
Athletes(F) 60 24(40 %) 28(46.7 %) 8(13.3 %) 38(63.3 %) 22(36.7 %) 0a 32(53.3 %)a 28(46.7 %)a 16(26.7 %) 44(73.3 %)
Total 260 108(41.5 %) 124(47.7 %) 28(10.8 %) 170(65.4 %) 90(34.6 %) 32(12.3 %) 120(46.2 %) 108(41.5 %) 92(35.4 %) 168(64.6 %)
  1. Notes:aχ2 = 9.864, df = 2, p = 0.007 for the comparison of the ACTN3 genotype frequencies between the the athletes and the control subjects