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Table 4 Hb adducts of 4-ABP, AαC, cotinine levels, and smoking statusa

From: Metabolism and biomarkers of heterocyclic aromatic amines in humans

  4-ABP-Hb
(pg/g Hb)
AαC-Hb
(pg/g Hb)
Cotinine
(ng/mL)
Cigarettes per day Smoking years
Commercial Blood 22.9 ± 0.2bb 4.3 ± 2.4 n.ac n.a n.a
R01 29.8 ± 6.9 5.6 ± 0.8 0.13 0 0
R03 23.8 ± 6.9 4.6 ± 0.6 0.13 0 0
R05 21.8 ± 2.8 5.6 ± 1.1 0.13 0 0
R02 189 ± 8.5 16.2 ± 1.9 164 30 42
R04 71.4 ± 8.9 16.1 ± 1.0 224 20 25
R06 125 ± 6.8 26.8 ± 2.5 228 21 33
R07 134 ± 7.5 24.5 ± 0.8 210 30 32
R08 71.3 ± 1.6 17.3 ± 0.7 86 25 30
R09 162 ± 7.8 15.5 ± 0.9 108 70 53
R10 90.4 ± 3.7 6.6 ± 0.6 55 25 30
  1. areproduced with permission from [234]
  2. bmean ± standard deviation
  3. cn.a., not analyzed